How to build a garden wall
Key points before you start
- Get professional advice if you are in any doubt, particularly with walls over 1.5m high and complex or stress carrying structures.
- Plan the wall and draw a design; this helps with calculating quantities and makes building quicker.
- Get the right tools; spade, concrete mixer, trowel, spirit level, club hammer, 60-120mm bolster chisel, stringline and pointing tool.
A firm foundation is essential
- Walls need a concrete foundation three times wider than the thickness of the wall. Its depth should be at least 100mm with the base 300mm below ground level.
- For walls over 1m high the foundation base depth should be one third of the height of the wall above ground.
- Single skin walls 100mm thick should not be higher than 1m and need 215mm square piers every 2m.
- Walls over one metre high should be double skin construction, with the two skins tied together and should have support pillars at least every 3m.
- All walls need provision for expansion and contraction about every 6m.
- Protect the top of the wall with copings and pier caps or suitably sized paving slabs.
Bricklaying, Mortar & Joints
- Use normal bricklaying techniques including damp proof courses where appropriate.
- Mortar should be 1 part masonry cement to 4 parts soft bricklayers sand.
- Mix bricks/blocks from different packs to ensure a blend of shades. If using just one pack, select from the top down.
- With raised planters and retaining walls, leave some vertical joints un-mortared for drainage.
- Raised pools require a waterproof liner and a design that will support the weight of water.